For many years now there has been extremely high winter mortality in the United States, a higher than acceptable winter mortality in many countries and regions in Europe, a very considerable increase in brood diseases (AFB) and problems with the queen bees.
There is still no feasible solution for the high winter mortality problems despite the extensive research that has been conducted since 2007. All the more reason, therefore, to examine the problem from a different perspective.
To find a solution to the problems in the apiary industry (disappearing, mortality and reproduction problems), the most important thing is that a proper, correct and unambiguous diagnosis of this system disease is made. When making a diagnosis, not only should the symptoms and pathogens of the disease be fully described, but also an accurate analysis of the processes involved in the disease should be made.
Bee decline is a system disease, because this occurs all over the world, in a very diverse range of environments. The symptoms, such as empty hives, problems with reproduction (drone and queen bee infertility), and winter mortality, occur everywhere in the world.
Because the symptoms are the same everywhere, there must be an underlying factor, which is present everywhere. We are working on the principle that this is something in the air.
In particular, the combination of NOx and manganese, is in our view the fundamental, most important and most decisive factor that occurs throughout the world.
For you as beekeeper it is important that you know something about the processes. Because these processes which can later result in the disappearance or mortality of your bee colonies commence under humid conditions. This is why we recommend that, at the least, you administer Ferro-Bee® to your bee colonies in humid weather conditions. See our website for a more detailed explanation of the processes involved »
In the following newsletter we will give a detailed explanation about how certain bacteria ensure that varroa survives and multiplies in your bee colonies.