Lyme disease and Borrelia bacteria

Last wednesday February 15 I read a PhD thesis (Academic Medical Centre, University of Amsterdam) about the Lyme disease. It appears that at least 3 other Borrelia bacteria in addition to Borrelia burgdorferi can cause this disease.
The thesis deals in particular with Borrelia miyamotoi. This bacteria is more difficult to diagnose, because the symptoms after infection are not very clear. The red ring on the skin, the so called erythema migrans (EM), which is so characteristic for infection with Borrelia burgdorferi, is not present.
The thesis describes a adequate culture medium for this type of Borrelia. This was not possible until present.
It is well known that Lyme’s disease is transmitted by ticks. In the Netherlands about 30.000 people are infected by a tick bite annually. But there also insects which bear this bacteria, for instance midges. Midge bites also cause erythema migrans, but not in the form of the characteristic ring. Personally I think that bees also carry such spirochetes. For beekeepers it is important to know this in relation to their own health, because they can be infected via contact with their bees.
Spirochetes live under low oxygen conditions and trust on manganese, and not iron, for their energy supply.
I have studied this subject since 2011, because the tick is also a spider, as is the well known mite on the bees. Medical research onto the tick gives insights about what is going on with the bees.
Evidence from several sources makes clear that ticks carry the Borrelia bacteria more frequently nowadays than 10 years ago. IMHO this is related to environmental changes, as is the case with the problems in the beekeeping sector. Both have to do with the manganese issue.